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Routine Eye Exam

This is a basic eye exam to check on specific concerns you may have.  This exam typically evaluates your eye health through pupil, eye movement and eye pressure tests, as well as a refraction to determine your eye prescription. Routine eye exams will lead to a diagnosis and treatment of non-medical complaints such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.  For example, if you're seeing the doctor because you are experiencing blurry vision, that's a routine exam.  On the other hand, if you have pink eye, that would be considered a medical exam.  A routine eye exam is billed to your vision insurance plan.  

Comprehensive Eye Exam

This is the most common type of exam and will likely include dilation of your eyes.  Your eye anatomy and eye health is evaluated to screen for eye disease, look for refractive eye errors and assist in making a diagnosis.  It may include a slit lamp exam and a dilated pupillary exam.

Medical Eye Exam

A medical eye exam provides a diagnosis and treatment of an eye disease or malady, like conjunctivitis, dry eye, glaucoma or cataracts, to mention a few.

Examinations for medical eye care, assessment of an eye complaint, or to follow up on an existing medical condition are billed to your medical insurance plan. See more about insurance here.

Contact Lens Exam

A contact lens exam determines your depth perception and general eye health prior to contacts being prescribed.  It would include a comprehensive eye exam, and could include topography and keratometry as well.  You will also be shown how to insert and remove contact lenses.


A refraction is the part of the exam that determines your eyeglass prescription. It typically involves questions like, “which is clearer – option one or option two” as different lens combinations are shown to you.

Click here to learn about what to expect at your eye exam.

To read about 20 surprising health problems an eye exam can catch, click here.

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